Ten Arguments for the Necessity of the Esoteric Interpretation of the Qur’an

Given the prevalence and popularity of overly literal and outward interpretations of the Qur’an in today’s climate, the present article offers ten arguments demonstrating that the Qur’an contains esoteric (batini) meanings and requires an esoteric interpretation – called ta’wil.This article offers a series of ten arguments to demonstrate that the Qur’an, by its own admission,…

Theology of Imamat: An Introduction

“Because we have the knowledge that Islam is Allah’s final message to mankind, the Holy Qur’an His final Book, and Muhammad, may peace be upon him, His last and final Prophet.These are the fundamental principles of faith enshrined in the Shahada (La ilaha illallah Muhammadur Rasulullah)  and the Tawhid therein, which bind the Ummah in…